Understanding the National Population Register (NPR) 2023 Question List

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The National Population Register (NPR) in India, initiated under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is an essential part of the country’s 2021 Census. It serves the purpose of updating and maintaining the National Population Register, which aims to collect personal information from all residents of India. 

This comprehensive database helps the government gain clarity on the duration of individuals’ stay in the country. In the 2010 Census, the NPR included 15 questions seeking information from the people in its NPR questions list. Now, in 2020, the NPR is once again set to be updated with additional questions. These added questions are crucial for collecting valuable data that can aid in better policy planning. 

In this article, we will provide you with the list of new questions added to the NPR under the 2023 update.

National Population Register Form

The primary objective of the NPR is to compile individual-level data of all residents of India. This process will foster transparency between the people and the government. The NPR update will include residents from across the nation, excluding Assam, and will involve asking 21 questions, including questions related to nationality. Registering one’s name in this NPR is mandatory for all residents.

The Main 21 Questions in the NPR Question List 2023

In the 2010 NPR, 15 questions were asked, and in the 2020 update, an additional 6 questions were included. Here is the comprehensive list of the 21 questions that will be asked in the National Population Register 2023:

  • Name of the individual: This question gathers the full name of the resident.
  • Relationship with the head of the household: This question establishes the person’s connection with the head of the family, providing important data for family structures.
  • Father’s name: By recording the father’s name, the NPR ensures clarity in family lineages.
  • Mother’s name: Similar to the father’s name, this information helps maintain family records.
  • Husband’s name (if married): This question is applicable for married individuals and ensures marital data accuracy.
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  • Gender: This question provides data on the gender distribution of residents.
  • Date of birth: Gathering birthdates allows for age-based data analysis.
  • Marital status: This question helps determine the marital status of individuals, which is vital for family and demographic studies.
  • Place of birth: Knowing where residents were born is essential for tracking migration patterns.
  • Nationality (declared): This question collects data on declared nationality, which is crucial for understanding the diversity of residents.
  • Current residential address: This records the address where residents currently reside.
  • Duration of residence at the current address: The duration at the current address is essential for understanding mobility patterns.
  • Permanent residential address: This question ensures that the government has access to a permanent address for each individual.
  • Occupation/Activity: Gathering information about the profession or activity of residents aids in labor market analysis.
  • Educational qualifications: This question helps in assessing the educational profile of the population.
  • Any other identity document (Aadhar Number): Linking Aadhar numbers facilitates data integration across government databases.
  • Voter ID card number: This data ensures accurate voter lists and enhances electoral management.
  • Mobile phone number: Collecting mobile phone numbers aids in communication and government service delivery.
  • Driving license number: This information is important for tracking those with driving licenses.

The inclusion of these questions allows the government to gather comprehensive data, enabling better planning and governance.


The National Population Register is a crucial tool for the Indian government to gather comprehensive data about its residents. By asking these 21 questions in the 2023 update, the NPR aims to ensure a transparent and accurate record of individuals’ information. It is essential for all residents to participate in this process, as it not only aids in government planning but also strengthens the connection between the citizens and their government.

By understanding the purpose and questions of the NPR, citizens can actively participate in the process and contribute to the accurate compilation of this vital database. This ensures that the government can make informed decisions for the welfare and development of the nation.

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Written by Nilanjan

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