Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana: Revolutionizing Agricultural Irrigation

The agricultural sector has been the backbone of India’s economy, providing livelihood to millions of farmers and contributing significantly to the country’s GDP. However, one of the primary challenges faced by Indian farmers has been the lack of adequate water resources for irrigation. To address this issue and boost agricultural productivity, the Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) on July 1st, 2015. The main objective of PMKSY is to enhance water availability on farmlands, expand cultivable areas with assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, and advocate sustainable water conservation practices. In this blog, we will explore the various components of PMKSY, its objectives, and the progress it has made so far.

Components of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

PMKSY comprises four major components, each implemented by different ministries:

  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP): This component is overseen by the Ministry of Jal Shakti and focuses on expediting the completion of ongoing major and medium irrigation projects, including national projects. The aim is to accelerate the benefits of irrigation to farmers and improve water availability.
  • Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP): Also implemented by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, HKKP includes four sub-components:
    • Command Area Development (CAD): It aims to optimize water use in the command areas of major and medium irrigation projects.
    • Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies: This sub-component focuses on repairing, renovating, and restoring water bodies to enhance their carrying capacity.
    • Groundwater Development: It aims to establish new water sources through minor irrigation, encompassing both surface and groundwater methods.
    • Construction of rainwater harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay): This sub-component promotes rainwater harvesting to conserve water effectively.
  • Watershed Development (WDC): Handled by the Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, this component focuses on efficient management of runoff water and the implementation of soil and moisture conservation activities at the watershed level.
  • Per Drop More Crop (PDMC): Managed by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, this component promotes the adoption of efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices in farming practices. It also involves capacity building, training, and awareness campaigns to encourage the use of water-saving technologies and agronomic practices.
ComponentImplementing Ministry/Department
1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP)Ministry of Jal Shakti
2. Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)Ministry of Jal Shakti
– Command Area Development (CAD)
– Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI)
– Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR)
of Water Bodies
– Groundwater Development
3. Watershed Development (WDC)Department of Land Resources,
Ministry of Rural Development
4. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC)Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Progress of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Since its inception, PMKSY has made significant strides in improving agricultural irrigation and water management. Let’s look at the progress made under each component:

Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP)

  • Six new AIBP projects have been added under PMKSY since 2021-22, with a total irrigation potential of 24.87 thousand hectares.
  • A total central assistance of Rs. 184.30 crore has been released, and the expenditure for these projects during 2021-22 amounts to Rs. 1,354.73 crore.
  • A total of 112 irrigation projects have been identified and funded under PMKSY-AIBP, out of which 53 projects have been completed so far.

Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)

  • Under the HKKP component, irrigation potential has been created in 373.84 thousand hectares through surface minor irrigation and repair, renovation, and restoration of water bodies.
  • Additionally, 140.01 thousand wells have been completed for groundwater development, ensuring better water availability for farmers.
  • The progress has been substantial in states like Assam, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka, where significant irrigation potential has been generated.

Watershed Development (WDC)

  • A total of 6,382 watershed development projects have been sanctioned and funded under PMKSY-WDC, out of which 6,376 projects have been reported as completed.
  • These projects have contributed to efficient water management and soil conservation at the watershed level, benefiting numerous farmers across states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh.

Per Drop More Crop (PDMC)

  • Through PMKSY-PDMC, a total area of 7,847.31 thousand hectares has been covered under micro-irrigation.
  • Various states, including Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu, have witnessed significant adoption of water-saving technologies like drip and sprinkler irrigation, leading to increased water use efficiency in agriculture.

List of  6 new AIBP projects added with their Irrigation potential/Central assistance/Expenditure

S.No.State/UT/ ProjectIrrigation potential created(in thousand hectare)Central assistance released(Rs. in crore)Expenditure 2021-22(Rs. in crore)
1Jihe Kathapur project (Maharashtra)7.9039.0294.78
2Nadaun project(Himachal Pradesh)0.002.252.50
3Parwan multipurpose project (Rajasthan)9.1441.431,042.95
4Kannadian channel (Tamil Nadu)4.1234.7494.10
5ERM of Sukla irrigation project (Assam)0.0041.9891.82
6ERM of Loktak LIS (Ph-I) (Manipur)3.7124.8828.58
Total24.87184.301,354.73

PMKSY-AIBP: Number of projects identified and completed so far

Sl. No.State/UTNo. of irrigation projects fundedNo. of irrigation projects completed
1Andhra Pradesh81
2Assam3+1*2
3Bihar20
4Chhattisgarh32
5Goa11
6Gujarat10
7Himachal Pradesh1*0
8UT of Jammu & Kashmir33
9Jharkhand10
10Karnataka53
11Kerala20
12Madhya Pradesh2117
13Maharashtra26+1*10
14Manipur2+1*1
15Odisha85
16Punjab22
17Rajasthan2+1*2
18Tamil Nadu1*0
19Telangana113
20Uttar Pradesh41
21UT of Ladakh10
Total106+6*53

* Newly included AIBP projects after approval of PMKSY for implementation during 2021-26.

PMKSY-HKKP: Number of Irrigation potential created in thousand hectare and Number of wells completed so far

S. No.State/UTIrrigation potential created in thousand hectareGround Water (no. of wells completed)
Surface Minor IrrigationRepair, Renovation & Restoration of water bodies
1.Andhra Pradesh
2.Assam122.779,695
3.Bihar46.9321.80
4.Chhattisgarh17.87
5.Gujarat2.011826
6.UTs of J&K and Ladakh31.66
7.Jharkhand6.09
8.Karnataka11.94
9.Madhya Pradesh34.9022.00
10.Maharashtra
11.Manipur14.29550
12.Odisha47.42
13.Rajasthan11.95
14.Telangana25.98
15.Uttar Pradesh2.3516,570
16.Arunachal Pradesh8.43992
17.Himachal Pradesh22.22
18.Meghalaya19.110.88
19.Mizoram2.22209
20.Nagaland7.41262
21.Sikkim4.18
22.Tripura0.001116
23.Uttarakhand23.84206
24.Tamil Nadu5.62163
Total373.84140.0131,589

PMKSY-WDC: Projects sanctioned and completed so far

Sl.No.StateNo. of projects fundedProjects reported as completed
1Andhra Pradesh373371
2Arunachal Pradesh114114
3Assam280280
4Bihar6464
5Chhattisgarh208208
6Gujarat489489
7Haryana7575
8Himachal Pradesh131131
9UT of Jammu & Kashmir119119
10UT of Ladakh1111
11Jharkhand143143
12Karnataka429429
13Kerala6969
14Madhya Pradesh446446
15Maharashtra1,0241,024
16Manipur6161
17Meghalaya6161
18Mizoram4949
19Nagaland111111
20Odisha234234
21Punjab3333
22Rajasthan820817
23Sikkim66
24Tamil Nadu270270
25Telangana276275
26Tripura5656
27Uttar Pradesh249249
28Uttarakhand6262
29West Bengal119119
30Goa
Total6,3826,376

PMKSY- PDMC: Area covered under micro irrigation so far

S. No.StateTotal in thousand hectare
1Andhra Pradesh849.42
2Bihar25.03
3Chhattisgarh148.15
4Goa0.89
5Gujarat986.42
6Haryana144.97
7Himachal Pra.10.88
8Jharkhand34.68
9J&K1.10
10Karnataka1749.25
11Kerala5.31
12Madhya Pradesh353.28
13Maharashtra937.05
14Odisha95.48
15Punjab13.30
16Rajasthan603.18
17Tamil Nadu1006.03
18Telangana323.80
19Uttarakhand32.21
20Uttar Pradesh331.64
21West Bengal91.64
22Arun. Pradesh11.71
23Assam39.27
24Manipur14.91
25Meghalaya0.00
26Mizoram4.52
27Nagaland17.49
28Sikkim11.98
29Tripura3.74
Grand Total7847.31

Conclusion

The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has emerged as a game-changer in the realm of agricultural irrigation and water management in India. By focusing on enhancing water availability, improving water use efficiency, and advocating sustainable water conservation practices, PMKSY has positively impacted the lives of millions of farmers across the country. 

The progress made so far is a testament to the government’s commitment to empowering the agricultural sector and ensuring food security for the nation. As PMKSY continues to expand its reach and effectiveness, it holds the potential to usher in a new era of agricultural prosperity, making India’s farmers more resilient and self-sufficient.