Chandrayaan-3 finds oxygen and several minerals near the lunar south pole

Chandrayaan-3 has reported two major findings about the moon’s South Pole. One of them is related to a huge temperature difference and another is about the presence of oxygen and several important minerals.

A week after ISRO’s ambitions lunar mission Chandrayaan-3 made a historic soft landing near the moon’s south pole, both the rover and the lander have shared some crucial findings with their parent organization in Bangalore. On the 14-day lunar mission, they have successfully survived a week and made tremendous progress. It has confirmed presence of several crucial elements including Sulphur, calcium, aluminum, iron, chromium, titanium, manganese, silicon, titanium and oxygen on the moon’s surface near its south pole, apart from measuring soil temperature.

ISRO has already released a chart depicting the presence of the afore-mentioned elements at different ranges linked to respective wavelength.

Chandrayaan-3’s Activities from August 23 to August 30

Chandrayaan-3 made a soft touchdown near the lunar South Pole at 6.04 PM on August 23. Since then, it has been busy performing scientific experiments and exploration. The moon’s South Pole has been a dark fantasy for the scientists. It receives scanty sunlight and only a little is known about this side of the moon. Thanks to successful Chandrayaan-3 mission, which is one of a kind coz no country could achieve a soft landing before India, ISRO is hopeful of getting more valuable information about this less illuminated lunar half in coming days.

Video Credit : Zee News

Findings of these materials and oxygen have raised the question pertaining to the possibility of human colony on the moon in future. These findings are also important because if Chandrayaan-3 can ensure the presence of hydrogen, then it will strengthen the possibility of water’s presence on the moon’s surface, which it has been looking for. ISRO chief S. Somnath said earlier why they had chosen the South Pole for the mission.

Only a day ago, Chandrayaan-3 sent reports of soil temperature measurement. It revealed that the temperature ranges between minus 10 degree-Celsius to around 70-degree Celsius. While 60-degree was recorded at 20 mm above the ground, minus 10-degree was at 80 mm under the ground.